IB World History:

Conquest and Its Impact

Current and Upcoming Assignments (JUNIORS!!!)

Due Date
Personal History ESSAYS

Americas and Europe in 1500 PRESENTATIONS


Chasteen, ch. 1









Victors and Vanquished: Spanish and Nahua Views of the Conquest of Mexico
(Stuart Schwartz)
Introduction, part 1
Introduction, part 2
Chapter Introductions Narrative

Primary Sources on Atlantic Slave Trade (excerpts)
Slave Trade Document Excerpts

Sugar Plantation Labor and Slave Life (from Slaves, Peasants and Rebels: Reconsidering Brazilian Slavery, by Stuart Schwartz)
Sugar Plantation Labor and Slave Life

Wealth of Nations (by Adam Smith, excerpts)
Wealth of Nations

Class Antagonism in England (excerpts)
Class Antagonism in England

Railroads, Landholding, and Agrarian Protest (in 2 parts)
Part 1
Part 2


Ordinary People Face Economic Challenges (excerpts)
Ordinary People Face Economic Challenges


Big Mama's Funeral
(Gabriel Garcia Marquez)
Big Mama's Funeral

Fascist Ideologies
Italian and German Fascism

Born in Blood and Fire: A Concise History of Latin America
(John Charles Chasteen)

Chapter 1: Encounter

Chapter 2: Colonial Crucible

Chapter 3: Independence

Chapter 4: Postcolonial Blues

Chapter 5: Progress

Chapter 6: Neocolonialism (part 1)
Part 2

Chapter 7: Nationalism (part 1)
Part 2

Chapter 8: Revolution

Chapter 9: Reaction

Chapter 10: Neoliberalism


A People's History of the World (Chris Harman)

This is the entire book, online. YOU will have to find the pages to be read, then print them out, read them, and bring them to class with you :)

A People's History of the World




The Mission (Jesuit missionaries in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay)

Twelve Years a Slave (American slavery)

Strike (Industrial strike in Tsarist Russia)

Germinal (Coal Miners and strike in northern France)

Battleship Potemkin (Uprising of sailors in Tsarist Russia)

Reds (American journalists during the Russian Revolution)

The Wind That Shakes the Barley (Irish uprising against Great Britain)

Land and Freedom (Spanish Civil War)

The Last Days of Sophie Scholl (Resistance in Nazi Germany)

Schindlers List (Jews in Holocaust)


From Tsar to Lenin (Russian Revolution in 1 hour! Great footage!)

The Spanish Civil War (BBC documentary in 6 episodes - excellent)

Triumph of the Will (Nazi propaganda film - bad, but visionary)

The New Rulers of the World (John Pilger, Australian journalist, incredible!)





World Civilizations (Stearns, et al.)

The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History (Bulliet, et al.)

A People's History of the World (Chris Harman)

A History of the Modern Middle East (Cleveland and Bunton)

Before European Hegemony: The World System, 1250-1350
(Janet Abu-Lughod)

Cross Cultural Trade in World History (Philip Curtin)

Capital, Volume 1 (Karl Marx)

Marx at the Margins (Kevin Anderson)

Peasant Wars of the 20th Century
(Eric Wolff)

Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts (James Scott)

Seeing Like a State (James Scott)

Heroes (John Pilger)

A Problem From Hell: America and the Age of Genocide (Power)

Planet of Slums (Mike Davis)

The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (Naomi Klein)

European Imperialism and Colonialism

Colonialism in Question: Theory, Knowledge, History (Frederick Cooper)

Ceremonies of Possession in Europe's Conquest of the New World, 1492-1640
(Patricia Seed)

The Making of New World Slavery (Robin Blackburn)

Racism: A Short History (Frederickson)

The Colonizer and the Colonized (Memmi)

Indentured Labor in the Age of Imperialism (Jeremy Northrup)

Machines as the Measure of Men: Science, Technology and Ideologies of Western Dominance (Michael Adas)

The Social World of Batavia: European and Eurasian in the Dutch Asia (Jean Taylor)

European Womern and the Second British Empire (Margaret Strobel)

Orientalism (Edward Said)

Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge: The British in India (Bernard Cohn)

Imagined Communities (Benedict Anderson)

The Invention of Tradition (Hobsbawm and Ranger)

Nations and Nationalism (Ernest Gellner)


Portuguese Caravel
Model of a Portuguese Caravel, the vessel which allowed the Portuguese to begin European global exploration and commercial activity. This technology precipitated the European colonial era, during which Europeans would use their seagoing advantages to extract wealth, resources, and human labor from distant points on the globe. |

A Social History of Western Europe: 1450-1720 (Sheldon Watts)

Lord and Peasant in Russia: From the 9th to the 19th Century (Leon Blum)

The Wealth of Nations (Adam Smith)

The Wheels of Commerce: Civilization and Capitalism, 15th to 18th Centuries
(Fernand Braudel)

Becoming Revolutionaries: The Deputies of the National Assembly and the
Emergence of Revolutionary Culture, 1789-1790
(Timothy Tackett)

The French Revolution, volumes 1 and 2 (Georges Lefebvre)

Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea: Merchant Seaman, Pirates and the
Anglo-American Maritime World, 1700-1750
(Marcus Rediker)

Moral Capital: The Foundations of British Abolitionism (Chris Brown)

Peaceful Conquest: The Industrialization of Europe

The Making of the English Working Class (E.P. Thompson)

The Condition of the Working Class in England
(Frederich Engels)

Capital, Volume 1
(Karl Marx)

The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (Marx)

The Civil War in France 1871 (Marx)

The Nation in the Village: The Genesis of Peasant National Identity in Austrian Poland, 1848-1914 (Keely Stauter-Halsted)

The European Revolutions, 1848-1851 (Jonathan Sperber)

Karl Marx: A 19th Century Life (Sperber)

Age of Capital, Age of Empire, and Age of Revolution (Eric Hobsbawm)

The House of Rotshcild, volumes 1 and 2 (Niall Ferguson)

Peasants into Frenchmen: The Modernization of Rural France, 1870-1914 (Eugen Weber)

Labor and Socialist Movements and Russian Revolution

Karl Marx: A Nineteenth Century Life
(Jonathan Sperber)

T he Second International, 1889-1914 (James Joll)

Labour and Socialist Movements in Europe Before 1914 (Dick Geary)

The Paris Commune (David Shafer)

1905 (Leon Trotsky)

Wild Socialism: Workers Councils in Revolutionary Berlin, 1918-1921
(Martin Comack)

German Social Democracy, 1905-1917: The Development of the Great Schism
(Carl Schorske)

A Radical Worker in Tsarist Russia: The Autobiography of Semen Ivanovich
(Reginald Zelnick)

Roots of Rebellion: Workers’ Politics and Organizations in St. Petersburg and Moscow, 1900-1914 (Victoria Bonnell)

The Rise of Social Democracy in Russia (J.L.H Keep)

Lenin and the Revolutionary Party (Paul Le Blanc)

The Bolsheviks Come to Power: The Revolution of 1917 in Petrograd (Alexander Rabinowitch)

State and Revolution (VI Lenin)

History of the Russian Revolution (Leon Trotsky)

Year One of the Russian Revolution (Victor Serge)

The Bolsheviks in Power: The First Year of Soviet Rule in Petrograd (Alexander Rabinowitch)

The Russian Revolution - (Sheila Fitzpatrick)

The Russian Revolution, 1917-1918 (volume 1)
The Russian Revolution, 1918-1921 (volume 2)
(William Henry Chamberlin)

Kronstadt 1921 (Paul Avrich)

Stalin: A Political Biography (Isaac Deutscher)

The Russian Revolution: From Lenin to Stalin (E.H. Carr)

Failure of a Revolution: Germany, 1918-1919 (Sebastian Haffner)

Vanguard of Nazism: The Freekorps Movement in Postwar Germany, 1918-1923 (Richard Waite)

The German Revolution, 1917-1923 (Pierre Broue)

The Lost Revolution: Germany 1918-1923
(Chris Harman)

The Making of the Soviet System: Essays in the Social History of Interwar Russia
(Moshe Lewin)

Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution (Stephen Cohen)

The Cultural Front: Power and Culture in Revolutionary Russia (Sheila Fitzpatrick)

Magnetic Mountain: Stalinism as Civilization (Stephen Kotkin)

The Great Terror: A Reassessment
Harvest of Sorrow: Soviet Collectivization and the Terror-Famine (Robert Conquest)

Post World War I
The Origins of the First World War (James Jolls)

Politics and Diplomacy of Peace-Making, 1918-1919 (Arno Mayer)

How Fascism Ruled Women: Italy, 1922-1945 (Victoria de Grazia)

The Unfinished Peace After WWI: America, Britain, and the Stabilisation of Europe, 1919-1932 (Patrick Cohrs)

The Coming of the Third Reich (Richard Evans)

Germans Into Nazis (Peter Fritzsche)

A History of Fascism: 1914-1945 (Stanley Payne)

Fascism and Big Business (Daniel Guerin)

The Struggle Against Fascism in Germany (Leon Trotsky)

The Spanish Labyrinth: The Social and Political Background of the Spanish Civil War
(Gerald Brennan)

The Spanish Anarchists: The Heroic Years, 1868-1936 (Murray Bookchin)

Blood of Spain: An Oral History of the Spanish Civil War (Ronald Fraser)

The Revolution and Civil War in Spain (Pierre Broue and Emile Temime)

The Spanish Civil War: Reaction, Revolution, and Revenge (Paul Preston)

The Third Reich in Power (Richard Evans)

Prison Notebooks (Antonio Gramsci, edited by Smith + Hoare)

A Biography of No Place: From Ethnic Borderland to Soviet Heartland (Kate Brown)

Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin (Timothy Snyder)




south america
Library of Congress map entitled "Map of South America, According to the Latest and Best Authorities". This was in 1826, less than 5 years after most of the continent had gained its independence from Spain and Portugal.

Conguest and Colonial Era Latin America
Latin America: A Concise, Interpretive History (E. Bradford Burns)

Latin American, Conflict and Creation: An Historical Reader

Born in Blood and Fire

The Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent
(Eduardo Galeano)

The Latin American City (Gilbert)

A History of Brazil (Burns)

Colombia: Fragmented Land, Divided Society (Safford and Palacios)

The Making of Modern Colombia: A Nation In Spite of Itself (David Bushnell)

The Oxford History of Mexico (Beezley and Meyer)

Bolivia (and, A Concise History of Bolivia) - (Herbert Klein)

Cuba (Louis Perez)

Argentina, 1516-1987 (David Rock)

Early Latin America: A History of Colonial Spanish America and Brazi
l (Lockhart and Schwartz)

Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico (Leon-Portilla)

Ambivalent Conquests: Maya and Spaniard in Yucatan, 1517-1570 (Inga Clendennin)

Red Gold: The Conquest of the Brazilian Indians, 1500-1760
(John Hemming)

The Nahuas After the Conquest: A Social and Cultural History of the Indians of
Central Mexico, 16th-18th Centuries
(James Lockhart)

Spanish Peru: 1532-1560 (Lockhart)

Peru's Indian Peoples and the Challenge of Spanish Conquest: Huamanga to 1640 (Steven Stern)

The Limits of Racial Domination: Plebeian Society in Colonial Mexico City, 1660-1720 (Douglas Cope)

Hall of Mirrors: Power, Witchcraft, and Caste in Colonial Mexico

Sugar and Slaves: The Rise of the Planter Class in the English West Indies, 1624-1713 (Richard Dunn)

The Golden Age of Brazil:1695-1750 (C.R. Boxer)

Way of Death: Merchant Capitalism and the Angolan Slave Trade, 1730-1830 (Joseph Miller)

Ouidha: The Social History of a West African Slaving 'Port', 1727-1892 (Robin Law)

Slaves, Peasants and Rebels: Reconsidering Brazilian Slavery (Stuart Schwartz)

Sugar Plantations in the Formation of Brazilian Society: Bahia, 1550-1835 (Stuart Schwartz)

Rebecca's Revival: Creating Black Christianity in the Atlantic World
(Jon Sensbach)

Women in Colonial Latin America (Susan Socolow)

Spanish Central America: 1520-1720 (Murdo McLeod)

The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution (C.L.R. James)

Maroon Societies in the Americas (Price - newest edition)

The Rise and Fall of the Plantation Complex - (Curtin)

Colonial street in Potosi, Bolivia, one of Spain's richest "new world" cities. In the background is Cerro Rico, the "rich hill," where millions of indigenous were worked to death during the colonial era, and where Spain mined much of the silver that made it a world power in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries.

Post-Independence, 19th Century
The Colonial Heritage of Latin America (Stanley and Barbara Stein)

We Alone Will Rule: Native Andean Politics in the Age of Insurgency (Sinclair Thomson)

Slaves, Peasants and Rebels: Reconsidering Brazilian Slavery (Stuart Schwartz)

Sugar Plantations in the Formation of Brazilian Society: Bahia, 1550-1835
(Stuart Schwartz)

From Colony to Nation: Essays on the Independence of Brazil (A.J.R. Russell-Wood)

Slave Rebellion in Brazil: The Muslim Uprising of 1835 in Brazil (Joao Jose Reis)

The Yoruba Diaspora in the Atlantic World (Falola and Chils)

The Biography of Mahommah Gardo Baquaqua: His Passage from Slavery to Freedom in Africa and America (Law and Lovejoy)

Vassouras: A Brazilian Coffee County, 1850-1900: The Roles of Planter and Slave in a Plantation Society (Stanley Stein)

Slavery and Identity: Ethnicity, Gender, and Race in Salvador, Brazil 1808-1888 (Miedo Nishida)

Freedoms Given, Freedoms Won: Afro-Brazilians in Post-Abolition Sao Paulo and Salvador (Kim Butler)

The Brazilian Empire: Myths and Histories (Emilia Viotti Da Costa)

Vale of Tears: Revisiting the Canudos Massacre in Northeastern Brazil, 1893-1897
(Robert Levine)

From Insurrection to Revolution in Mexico: Social Bases of Agrarian Violence, 1750-1940 (John Tutino)

The Caste War of Yucatan (Nelson Reed)

Yucatan's Maya Peasantry and the Origins of the Caste War
(Terry Rugeley)

Trials of Nation Making: Liberalism, Race, and Ethnicity in the Andes, 1810-1910 (Brooke Larson)

The Defense of Community in Peru's Central Highlands: Peasant Struggle and
Capitalist Transition, 1860-1940
(Florencia Mallon)

Coffee and Conflict in Colombia, 1886-1910

The Sugar Industry in Pernambuco, 1840-1910: Modernization without Change (Eisenberg)

Insurgent Cuba: Race, Nation, and Revolution, 1868-1898 (Ada Ferer)

Black Into White: Race and Nationality in Brazilian Thought (Thomas Skidmore)

Elites, Masses, and Modernization in Latin America: 1850-1930 (Skidmore and Burns)

Blacks and Whites in Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1888-1988
(George Ried Andrews)

Positivism in Latin America, 1850-1900 (Ralph Lee Woodward)

The Colonial Heritage of Latin America (Stanley Stein)

Modern, 20th Century to Present
A Hemisphere to Itself (Frank Nies)

The Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870-1914
(David McCullough)

Indentured Labor in the Age of Imperialism (Jeremy Northrup)

The Mexican Revolution, volumes 1 and 2 (Alan Knight)

Zapata and the Mexican Revolution (John Womack)

Evita: The Real Life of Eva Peron (Fraser and Navarro)

Modernization and Bureaucratic Authoritarianism (O'Donnell)

Getulio Vargas: Father of the Poor (Levine)

Child of the Dark: The Diary of Carolina Maria de Jesus (Carolina Maria de Jesus)

Che: A Revolutionary Life (John Lee Anderson)

Motorcycle Diaries (Ernesto "Che" Guevara)

Diary of the Revolutionary War (Ernesto "Che" Guevara)

Guerilla Movements in Latin America (Richard Gott)

Inevitable Revolutions: The United States in Central America (Walter LaFeber)

Bitter Fruit: The Untold Story of the American Coup in Guatemala
(Schlesinger and Kinzer)

Weavers of the Revolution: The Yarur Workers and Chile's Road to Socialism (Peter Winn)

The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability (Peter Kornblugh)

Cuba: Dilemmas of a Revolution (Juan M. del Aguila)

Hear My Testimony: Maria Teresa Tula, Human Rights Activist of El Salvador
Maria Teresa Tula and Lynn Stephen)

Children of Cain: Violence and the Violent in Latin America (Tina Rosenberg)

Hostile Acts: U.S. Policy in Costa Rica in the 1980's (Martha Honey)

The Workers Party and Democratization in Brazil (Margaret Keck)

Death Without Weeping: The Violence of Everyday Life in Brazil (Nancy Scheper-Hughes)

The Heart That Bleeds: Latin America Now (Alma Guillermoprieto)

Savages (Joe Kane)

The People Decide: Oaxaca's Popular Assembly (Nancy Davies)


Good General US History

America's History
(Henretta, et al.)

Out of Many (Faragher, et al.)

A People's History of the United States (Howard Zinn)

Ghetto Schooling: A Political-Economy of Urban Educational Reform (Jean Anyon)

Miracle on High Street: The Rise, Fall, and Resurrection of St. Benedicts (Tom McCabe)

No Cause for Indictment: An Autopsy of Newark
(Ron Porambo)

The Newark Teachers Strikes: Hopes on the Line (Steve Golin)

A Nation Within a Nation: Amiri Baraka and Black Power Politics (Komozi Woodard)

Late 19th Century
Farewell My Nation: The American Indian and the United States, 1820-1890
(Philip Weeks)

Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (James McPherson)

Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution (Eric Foner)

Exodusters: Black Migration to Kansas After Reconstruction (Nell Irvin Painter)

Work, Culture and Society in Industrializing America (Herbert Gutman)

The Robber Barons (Matthew Josephson)

The Roots of Southern Populism: Yeoman Farmers and the Transformation of the Georgia Upcountry (Steven Hahn)

The Populist Moment: A Short History of the Agrarian Revolt in America (Lawrence Goodwyn)

The Strange Career of Jim Crow (C. Vann Woodward)

Industrialism and the American Worker, 1865-1920 (Melvyn Dubofsky)

1877: Year of Violence (Bruce Laurie)

Strike (Jeremy Brecher)

Eugene V. Debs: Citizen and Socialist (Nick Salvatore)

The New City: Urban America in the Industrial Age, 1860-1920
(Raymond Mohl)

The New Empire: An Interpretation of American Expansion, 1865-1898 (Walter LaFeber)

Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, 1860-1925 (John Higham)

Early 20th Century
W.E.B Dubois: Biography of a Race, 1868-1919 (David Levering Lewis)

Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920 (Glenda Gilmore)

The American Political Tradition (Richard Hofstadter)

The Age of Reform (Richard Hofstadter)

A Fierce Discontent: The Rise and Fall of Progressivism in America
(Michael McGerr)

The Triumph of Conservatism: A Reinterpretation of American History, 1900-1916(Gabriel Kolko)

The Red Scare: A Study in National Hysteria, 1919-1920 (Robert Murray)

The Decline of Socialism in America: 1912-1925 (James Weinstein)

Creating the Corporate Soul: The Rise of Public Relations and Corporate Imagery
in American Business
(Roland Marchand)

Ruling America: A History of Wealth and Power in a Democracy (Fraser + Gerstle)

Modern Temper: American Culture and Society in the 1920s (Lynn Dumenil)

In Their Own Interests: Race, Class, and Power in 20th Century
Norfolk, Virginia
(Earl Lewis)

Uplifting the Race: Black Leadership, Politics, and Culture in the 20th Century
(Kevin Gaines)

Safe For Democracy: The Anglo-American Response to Revolution, 1913-1923
(Lloyd Garner)

Hard Times: An Oral History of the Great Depression (Studs Terkel)

Days of Hope: Race and Democracy in the New Deal Era
(Patricia Sullivan)

Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago, 1919-1939
(Lizabeth Cohen)

The New Deal: The Depression Years, 1933-40 (Anthony Badger)

The Hammer and the Hoe: Alabama Communists During the Great Depression
(Robin Kelley)

Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class (Robin Kelley)

The Cold War: The United States and The Soviet Union, 1917-1991 (Powaski)

The Promised Land: The Great Black Migration and How it Changed America
(Nicholas Lehman)

Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States
(Kenneth Jackson)

Post-World War II
Invisible Hands: The Making of the Conserative Movement From the New Deal to Reagan
(Kim Phillips-Fein)

The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America Since 1945 (George Nash)

Selling Free Enterprise: The Business Assault on Labor and Liberalism, 1945-1960
(Elizabeth Fones-Wolf)

Suburban Warriors: The Origins of the New American Right (Lisa McGirr)

A Consumer's Republic: The Politics of Mass Consumption in Postwar America
(Lizbeth Cohen)

American Babylon: Race and the Struggle for Post-War Oakland, 1945-1970

(Robert Self)

White Flight: Atlanta and the Making of Modern Conservatism (Kevin Kruse)

Conservatism and Racism: And Why in America They are the Same (Robert Smith)

The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit (Thomas Sugrue)

The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York (Robert Caro)

The Tragedy of American Diplomacy (William Appleman Williams)

Bitter Fruit: The Untold Story of the American Coup in Guatemala
(Schlesinger and Kinzer)

Nightmare in Red: The McCarthy Era in Perspective (Richard Fried)

From the New Deal to the New Right: Race and the Origins of Modern Conservatism
(Joseph Lowndes)

Takin' it to the Streets: A Sixties Reader (Bloom + Brienes)

A Taste of Power: A Black Woman's Story (Elaine Brown)

The Rebellious Life of Ms. Rosa Parks (Jeanne Theoharis)

The Other Side of the Sixties: Young Americans for Freedom and the Rise of Conservative
(John Andrew)

My Soul is Rested: The Story of the Civil Rights Movement in the Deep South
(Howell Raines)

Freedom is Not Enough: The Opening of the American Workplace (Nancy Maclean)

Sweet Land of Liberty: The Forgotten Struggle for Civil Rights in the North
(Thomas Sugrue)

An Injury to All: The Decline of Business Unionism (Kim Moody)

Approaching Vietnam: From WWII Through Dienbienphu
(Lloyd Gardner)

Vietnam: The History of an Unwinnable War (John Prados)

Fire in the Lake (Fitzgerald)

The Silent Majority: Suburban Politics in the Sunbelt South (Matthew Lassiter)

Freedom is Not Enough: The Opening of the American Workplace (Nancy MacLean)

City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles (Mike Davis)

The Age of Reagan: A History, 1974-2008 (Sean Wilentz)

Overthrow: America's Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq
(Stephen Kinzer)

A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide (Samantha Power)

To Serve God and Wal-Mart: The Making of Christian Free Enterprise (Bethany Moreton)

The Wrecking Crew: How Conservatives Ruined Government, Enriched Themselves,
and Beggared the Nation
(Thomas Frank)

The Family: The Secret Fundamentalism at the Heart of American Power (Jeff Sharlet)

The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (Naomi Klein)

If histories are too much sometimes, here are some excellent novels
which, even if the characters are fictional, illustrate the history well and give a great feel for how if felt to be in that time and place.

Sacred Hunger (Barry Unsworth)

One Hundred Years of Solitude (Gabriel Garcia-Marquez)

Burmese Days (George Orwell)

God's Bits of Wood (Mbeme Ousmane)

The Castle of My Skin (George Lamming)

Masters of the Dew (Jacques Roumain)

Petals of Blood (Ngugi wa Thiongo)

A House for Mr. Biswas (V.S. Naipaul)



Marxist Internet Archive - AMAZING collection of nearly every writing ever by any Marxist scholar or activist of note.

Marxist Internet Archive


H-Net - History Network. Lots of stuff!






Imagined Communities
Brilliant theory of nationalism by the recently deceased Benedict Anderson, professor of political-science at Cornell. He uses historical examples to argue that printing, mapping, and independence in Latin America began to give people the sense of themselves as part of a larger community, or "nation."























































Capital, Marx

Capital, by Karl Marx, published in 1867 after years of research and writing. Probably the most important analysis of how modern capitalism actually functions.
































































Bolsheviks Come to Power
Probably THE best, most detailed book
on the October Revolution in 1917
Petrograd, Russia. Demonstrates the
MASS character of the rebellion against
a generally despised government, and
disproves a few bad myths about the
character of the Bolshevik Party and
its much maligned leaders!

































































Sugar Plantations in the Formation of Brazilian Society

Sugar Plantations in the Formation of Brazilian Society, by Stuart Schwartz, an historian at Yale University. This book describes how sugar plantations and African slavery combined to create a mixed society in northeastern Brazil under Portuguese control.
























































Cover of Death Without Weeping: The Violence of Everyday Life in Brazil, by Nancy Scheper-Hughes

Death Without Weeping: The Violence of Everyday Life in Brazil, by Nancy Scheper-Hughes, an anthropologist at the University of California at Berkely. An amazing book about life and death in small town, rural Brazil.